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Coins > Ancient Times > Roman Empire > Illyrian Emperors (270 – 285)
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AURELIANUS (AURELIAN), 270-275 - AE Sestertius, Rome (2nd half 274 A.D.)

weight 6,57gr. ; bronze Ø 24mm.

obv. Laureate and cuirassed bust right  IMP AVRELIANVS AVG
rev. Aurelian, in military attire standing left, holding sceptre in left hand and
clasping right hand with Severina standing right, radiated bust of Sol in upper
field between them  CONCORDIA AVG, officina mark Δ in exergue

Sear 11646 ; Cohen 35 ; RIC 80 ; MIR 145d S
attractive dark green patina
vf/vf-

165,00 



AURELIANUS (AURELIAN), 270-275 – AE Sestertius, Rome, 2nd half 274 A.D.

weight 6,08gr. ; bronze Ø 26mm.

obv. Laureate and cuirassed bust right  IMP AVRELIANVS AVG
rev. Aurelian, in military attire standing left, holding sceptre in left hand and
clasping right hand with Severina standing right, radiate bust of Sol in upper
field between them  CONCORDIA AVG

Sear 11646 ; Cohen 35 ; RIC 80 ; MIR 145 S
vf- à f/vf

110,00 



AURELIANUS (AURELIAN), 270-275 - BI Antoninianus, Siscia (272)

weight 3,90gr. ; billon 22mm.

obv. Radiate and cuirassed bust right  IMP AVRELIANVS AVG
rev. Aurelian, togate, standing right, clasping hand of Concordia, standing left
CONCORDIA MILITVM, P✶ in exergue

Cohen 61 ; RIC 216 ; MIR 213 ; cf. Sear 11523
reverse struck off-centre
vf

35,00 



AURELIANUS (AURELIAN), 270-275 - BI Antoninianus, Rome (2nd half 274)

weight 3,81gr. ; billon 21mm.

obv. Radiate and cuirassed bust right  IMP AVRELIANVS AVG
rev. Radiate naked Sol standing left, stretching out his right hand,
and holding globe in his left hand, drapery over shoulder, two captives
seated left and right at feet, wearing a Phrygian cap and hands tied on back
ORIENS AVG, BXXIR in exergue

Cohen 154 ; RIC 62 ; MIR 131h ; cf. Sear 11571
vf+/vf

40,00 



AURELIANUS (AURELIAN), 270-275 - BI Antoninianus, Serdica (273)

weight 2,48gr. ; billon 21mm.

obv. Radiate and cuirassed bust right  IMP AVRELIANVS AVG
rev. Radiate naked Sol standing left, stretching out his right hand, 
and holding globe in his left hand, drapery over shoulder, two captives 
seated left and right at feet, wearing a Phrygian cap and hands tied on back
ORIENS AVG, T in exergue

Cohen 145 ; RIC 279 ; MIR 251d ; cf. Sear 11575
Minor weakness and irregular flan. Dark patina.
vf/xf

35,00 



AURELIANUS (AURELIAN), 270-275 - BI Antoninianus, Kyzikus (273)

weight 3,80gr. ; billon 23mm.

obv. Radiate and cuirassed bust right  IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG
rev. Radiate naked Sol standing left, stretching out his right hand,
and holding globe in his left hand, drapery over shoulder, two captives
seated left and right at feet, wearing a Phrygian cap and hands tied on back
ORIENS AVG, A C in exergue

Cohen 153 ; RIC 363 ; MIR 341a ; cf. Sear 11566
vf-

35,00 



AURELIANUS (AURELIAN), 270-275 - BI Antoninianus, Serdica (2nd half 274)

weight 3,59gr. ; billon 22mm.

obv. Radiate and cuirassed bust right  AVRELIANVS AVG
rev. Woman, draped, standing right, presenting wreath to Aurelian,
standing left, holding sceptre, in field, KA•Γ in exergue

Cohen 198 ; RIC 290 ; MIR 260i ; cf. Sear 11592
vf/xf à xf-

85,00 



AURELIANUS (AURELIAN), 270-275 - AV Aureus, Rome (274-275)

weight 4,41gr. ; gold Ø 21mm.

obv. Laureate and cuirassed bust right
IMP C L DOM AVRELIANVS P F AVG
rev. Mars, naked, advancing right caarying transverse spear and trophy,
captive seated at feet  VIRTVS AVG

from the famous Corsica hoard ;
In short, the hoard was found in several parts beginning in the middle 19th century. The first part of the hoard was found in a pot near the shores of the Gulf of Lava, northeast of Ajaccio in Corsica. In 1957 divers found another part of the hoard off the coast. Another part of the hoard was found in the mid 1980-s in the Gulf of Lava again. It may be that the hoard was buried on land, with part of it found there; subsequently an earthquake of landslide may have deposited the rest of it in the gulf. Whatever the explanation, this is a superb coin from a major hoard. 
Wonderful coin with excellent details, about as struck, of great style. Very rare.

Cohen 269var. ; RIC 15 ; MIR 127q  ; Calicó 4048 RR
unc-

29.500,00 



AURELIANUS (AURELIAN), 270-275 - AE Antoninianus, Siscia (270-271)

weight 3,77gr. ; bronze Ø 20mm.

obv. Radiate and cuirassed bust right   IMP AVRELIANVS AVG
rev. Aurelianus, in military altire, standing right holding spear and globe facing
soldier, standing left holding Victory and spear  VIRTVS AVG, T in exergue

Cohen 276 ; RIC-(vgl.241) ; MIR-(vgl.185b) RRR
zfr-

140,00 



AURELIANUS (AURELIAN), 270-275 - BI Antoninianus, Mediolanum (272)

weight 3,29gr. ; billon 21mm.

obv. Radiate and cuirassed bust right  IMP AVRELIANVS AVG
rev. Aurelian, standing right, holding spear in right hand and globe in left hand,
receiving Victory from soldier, holding spear  VIRTVS MILITVM, T in exergue

Cohen 285 ; RIC 147 ; MIR 62b ; Sear 11635
some small flan cracks
vf+

50,00 



SEVERINA, wife of Aurelianus - BI Antoninianus, Siscia (275)

weight 3,42gr. ; billon 2,52mm.

obv. Diademed bust right with crescent behind shoulders
SEVERINAE AVG
rev. Concordia Militum standling left, holding military standard in each hand
CONCORDIA MILITVM, XXIQ in exergue

Cohen 8 ; RIC 13 ; MIR 237 ; Sear 11706
Minor traces of oxidation on reverse, but excellent portrait.
xf-/vf-

75,00 



AURELIANUS & VABALATHUS “King of Palmyra” - EGYPT - BI Tetradrachm, year 1 and year 4 (270), Alexandria

weight 10,69gr. ; billon Ø 20mm.

obv. Laureate bust of Aurelianus right
AVT KΛ Δ AVPHΛIANOC CЄB, in field L - A
rev. Laureate bust of Vabalathus right
IAC OVABAΛΛAΘOC AΘHNOV AVT CP, in field L - Δ

Lucius Julius Aurelius Septimius Vaballathus Athenodorus (circa 259 – 274 AD) was a king of the Palmyrene Empire centered at Palmyra, Syria, who came to power as a child, ruling with his regent, his mother Queen Zenobia, who led a revolt against Rome and formed the independent Palmyrene Empire. The recently independent Palmyra lasted for three years, until the Romans took action, and conquered all Palmyrene land, which included most of Rome′s eastern provinces, including Lower Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Arabia, Asia Minor and Lebanon.

BMC 2384 ; Dattari 5422 ; SNG.Copenhagen 899 ;
Förschner 1178-1179var. ; Milne 4308 ;
Cologne (Geissen) 3054 ; Sear 11720
Very attractive coin with good detailed portraits.
Rare in this excellent condition.
xf

425,00 



TACITUS, 275-276 - BI Antoninianus, Rome

weight 3,83gr. ; billon Ø 22mm.

obv. Radiate head right with drapery over shoulders 
IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG
rev. Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopiae
AEQVITAS AVG, Γ in field to right, XXI in exergue

cf. Cohen 7 ; cf. RIC 82 ; cf. Sear 11766 RR
Normally with draped bust. Very rare bust variety.
vf+/xf-

155,00 



TACITUS, 275-276 - AE Antoninianus, Ticinum (275-276)

weight 3,39gr. ; bronze Ø 21mm.

obv. Radiate and cuirassed bust right  IMP CM CLA TACITVS AVG
rev. Aequitas standing facing, head left, holding scales and cornucipiae
AEQVITAS AVG, in exergue P

Cohen 10 ; RIC-(vgl.122) RR
vf-/vf+

130,00 



TACITUS, 275-276 - BI Antoninianus, Ticinum

weight 3,83gr. ; billon Ø 22mm.

obv. Radiate bust right, wearing cuirass and paludamentum 
IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG
rev. Mars advancing left, holding olive-branch in right hand
and spear and schield in left MARTI PACIF, S in exergue

cf. Cohen 60 ; RIC 145 ; Sear 11784
xf-

110,00 



TACITUS, 275-276 - BI Antoninianus, Serdica

weight 3,52gr. ; billon Ø 23mm.

obv. Radiate bust right, wearing cuirass and paludamentum
IMP C TACITVS INVICTVS P AVG
rev. Fides Militvm standing right holding standard in each hand,
facing Sol standing left, raising right hand and holding globe in left 
PROVIDEN DEOR, KAΔ in exergue

Seems to be unpublished with this obverse legend. Extremely rare.

Cohen- (cf. 95) ; RIC- (cf.196-197) ; Sear- (cf. 11796)  RRR

Minor flan crack. Dark patina.
vf-

375,00 



PROBUS, 276-282 - AE Antoninianus, Cyzikus (280-281)

weight 4,32gr. ; billon 22mm.

obv. Radiate bust of Probus right, wearing cuirass and paludamentum
IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG
rev. Probus in military attire standing right, holding eagle-tipped scepter
and receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding scepter,
officina mark T in lower field  CLEMENTIA TEMP, in exergue XXI

Cohen 87 ; RIC 905 ; Sear 11960var.
vf/xf

60,00 



PROBUS, 276-282 - BI Antoninianus, Tripolis (280-281)

weight 3,06gr. ; billon 21mm.

obv. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
rev. Probus in military attire standing right, holding eagle-tipped scepter
and receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding scepter,
star in lower field  CLEMENTIA TEMP, in ex.XXI

Cohen 91 ; RIC 927 ; Sear-
xf-/xf

90,00 



PROBUS, 276-282 - BI Antoninianus, Antiochia (280-281)

weight 4,13gr. ; billon 22mm.

obv. Radiate bust right, wearing cuirass and paludamentum
IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG
rev. Probus in military attire standing right, holding eagle-tipped scepter
and receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding scepter,
CLEMENTIA TEMP, XXI in exergue

variety; no star or officina mark in field. Rare.

cf. Cohen 98 ; cf. RIC 920 ; cf. Sear 1960 R
vf+/vf

65,00 



PROBUS, 276-282 - BL Antoninianus, Rome (280-281)

weight 3,43gr. ; billon Ø 22mm.

obv. Radiate and cuirassed bust right  IMP PROBVS P F AVG
rev. Fides Militvm standing facing, head left, holding standard in
each hand  FIDES MILITVM, in ex. R thunderbolt E 

Sear 11981 ; Cohen 254 ; RIC 169
xf-

85,00 



PROBUS, 276-282 - BI Antoninianus, Rome (280-281)

weight 3,40gr. ; billon Ø 20mm.

obv. Radiate and cuirassed bust right  PROBVS P F AVG
rev. Naked Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter
IOVI CONS PROB AVG, R thunderbolt B in exergue

Cohen 305 ; RIC 175 ; Sear 11986var.
xf/xf-

85,00 



PROBUS, 276-282 - BI Antoninianus, Rome (282)

weight 3,03gr. ; billon Ø 21mm.

obv. Radiate and cuirassed bust right  PROBVS P F AVG
rev.  Mars, in military attire, advancing left, holding olive-branch in
right hand and shield and spear in left MARTI PACIF, R Q Γ in exergue

The letter ′Q′ appearing in the exergue forms part of the word EQVITI. This may have been Probus′ personal signum, or signet, and other letters in the word are combined with the mint marks of other reverse types in this series.

Cohen 350 ; RIC 177 ; Sear 11993
vf/xf à vf+

45,00 



PROBUS, 276-282 - AE Antoninianus, Siscia (280)

weight 3,90gr. ; bronze Ø 22mm.

obv.Radiate and cuirassed bust right  IMP C PROBVS P F AVG
rev. Pax standing facing, holding olive-branch and transverse sceptre
PAX AVGVSTI , in field right Q, in exergue XXI

cf. Sear 12001 ; Cohen 414 ; RIC 713
xf-

85,00 



PROBUS, 276-282 - EGYPT, ALEXANDRIA - BI Tetradrachm, year 3 (277-278)

weight 7,53gr. ; billon Ø 19mm.

obv. Laureate and cuirassed bust right A K M AVP PROBOC CEB
rev. Eagle standing facing with wings open, head turned to right with wreath in his beak, 
in field L - Γ

Dattari 5560 ; Slg. Köln 3131 ; Milne 4565 ; SNG.Copenhagen- ;
Förschner 1204 ; Emmett 3985-3 ; Sear 12127

vf/xf à xf-

80,00 



PROBUS, 276-282 - EGYPT, ALEXANDRIA - BI Tetradrachm, year 4 (278-279)

weight 7,21gr. ; billon Ø 19mm.

obv. Laureate and cuirassed bust right A K M AVP PROBOC CEB
rev. Eagle standing right with wreath in his beak,
palm on background, in field L - Δ

Dattari 5563 ; Slg. Köln 3135 ; Milne 4586 ; Sear 12129
xf-

85,00 



PROBUS, 276-282 - EGYPT, ALEXANDRIA - BI Tetradrachm, year 4 (278-279)

weight 8,50gr. ; billon Ø 19mm.

obv. Laureate and cuirassed bust right A K M AVP PROBOC CEB
rev. Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cormucopiae,
L - Δ in front

Dattari 5546 ; Slg. Köln 3141 ; Milne 4583 ; Emmett 3994-4 ; Sear 12128
vf à vf/xf

65,00 



PROBUS, 276-282 - EGYPT, ALEXANDRIA - BI Tetradrachm, year 5 (279-280)

weight 8,77gr. ; billon Ø 18mm.

obv. Laureate and cuirassed bust right A K M AVP PROBOC CEB
rev. Eagle standing left, head turned to, L - Є in field

Dattari 5553 ; Slg. Köln 3145 ; Milne 4610 ; SNG.Copenhagen- ;
Emmett 3984-5 ; Förschner 1211 ; Sear-

vf

50,00 



PROBUS, 276-282 - EGYPT, ALEXANDRIA - BI Tetradrachm, year 5 (279-280)

weight 6,48gr. ; billon Ø 18mm.

obv. Laureate and cuirassed bust right A K M AVP PROBOC CEB
rev. Nikè advancing right, holding palm over shoulder and wreath,
Є L in front

Milne 4601 ; SNG.Copenhagen 931 ;
Emmett 3991-5 ; Förschner- ; Sear-

vf/xf

70,00 



PROBUS, 276-282 - EGYPT, ALEXANDRIA - BI Tetradrachm, year 5 (279-280)

weight 6,63gr. ; billon Ø 18mm.

obv. Laureate and cuirassed bust right A K M AVP PROBOC CEB
rev. Homonoia standing left, right hand extended,
holding double cornucopiae, Є L in front

This type was only minted in regnal year 5.

Dattari 5534 ; Slg. Köln 3147 ; Milne 4595 ; SNG.Copenhagen- ; 
Emmett 3989-5 ; Förschner 1214 ; Sear 12133

vf/xf

75,00 



PROBUS, 276-282 - EGYPT, ALEXANDRIA - BI Tetradrachm, year 6 (280-281)

weight 7,64gr. ; billon Ø 18mm.

obv. Laureate and cuirassed bust right A K M AVP PROBOC CEB
rev. Eagle standing right, wings open, with wreath in his beak,  L - S in field

Dattari 5557 ; Slg. Köln 3149 ; Emmett 3982-6 ;
SNG.Copenhagen- ; Sear 12129

vf-/vf

40,00 



PROBUS, 276-282 - EGYPT - BI Tetradrachm, year 7 (281-282), Alexandria

weight 7,44gr. ; billon Ø 18mm.

obv. Laureate and cuirassed bust right A K M AVP PROBOC CEB
rev. Eagle standing left, head turned right, with wreath in beak, L - Z in field 

SNG.Copenhagen- ; Milne 4640 ; Förschner (cf.1218) ;
Emmett 3984 ; Sear- (cf. 12137)

Wonderful coin with excellent details.
xf+

115,00 



CARUS, 282-283 - AV Aureus, unidentified eastern Mint (first half 283)

weight 4,57gr. ; gold Ø 20mm.

obv. Laureate and cuirassed bust of Carus right, surrounded by the legend;
IMP C M AVR CARVS P A
rev. Victory, winged, draped, advancing left, holding wreath in right hand
and palm in left hand, surrounded by the legend; IИDVLGENTIA AVG

Carus was born around the year 222 in Narbo, Gallia Narbonensis which is located in modern day southern France. At some point in his youth he moved to Rome to be educated there, indicting his family was of some status or wealth. He served as a senator prior and presumably some military roles before being appointed as Praetorian Prefect in 282 by Emperor Probus.

Carus accompanied Probus on his campaign in the East of the Roman Empire. However before any real progress had been made, Carus was possibly declared Emperor by the troops, who subsequently murdered Probus at Sirmium in the autumn of 282, ending his reign. It is not known how much involvement, if any, Carus had in this plot. Whether reluctantly or not, Carus assumed the position of Roman Emperor. Carus immediately granted his sons, Carinus and Numerianus, the title of Caesar, effectively making them junior emperors. It is likely Carus was trying to make the foundations of a dynasty that would rule for some time. His sons had limited power and responsibility while acting as Caesars, and would only come to true power in the event of Carus′ death or if they were elevated to co-Emperor. Carinus was charged with maintaining order in the West while Numerianus accompanied Carus on their campaign in the East, that had been started by Probus. It is unknown what the result of this campaign was as no sources detail any major events taking place.

The main object of his reign was the Persian war which had been prepared by his predecessor. Having defeated the Sarmatians and the Quadi, a Germanic people on the Danube, he marched against the Persians in early 283. The Persian king, Wahrām II was vanquished and the Sasanid capital Ctesiphon and Seleucia captured. Further advances to the east were not successful. At this height of his triumph, at the end of July 283, Carus suddenly was found dead in his tent during a violent thunderstorm, which made an end of his ten months′ rule, and the Romans retreated. Officially it was said he was killed by a stroke of lightning during a storm, but more probably he was assassinated. Some sources claim he died from a wound received while fighting the Persians or that one of his own soldiers murdered him under the orders of Lucius Flavius Aper, the Praetorian Prefect. The real cause of Carus′ death may never be known for sure. Peace was concluded, and Wahrām, who was away quelling a revolt in the eastern provinces, surrendered the supremacy of Armenia and Mesopotamia to the Romans.

After the death of Carus his two sons were acknowledged as Roman emperors: the younger, Numerianus, as ruler of the east, and the elder, Carinus, of the west. The transition of power from Carus to his sons, Numerianus and Carinus, was smooth and without hindrance from any opposing forces. This suggests that perhaps Carus did indeed died from natural causes, and no plot to kill him ever existed. Numerianus died after a short time and was succeeded by Diocletianus, who in turn defeated Carinus (285) and became absolute ruler of the entire empire.

This highly interesting issue certainly must be related to Carus′ campaign in the East. Probably it was struck in a moving military Mint in Syria, Mesopotamia or Persia. This explains the somewhat sloppy and primitive style of the coin. This coin is the only known piece and it is therefore a unique piece.

provenance;
ex. Auktion Ars Classica XVIII, Luzern 1938, nr. 468
(der Sammlung Vicomte Louis Edmond Paul de Sartiges)
ex. Auktion Jacob Hirsch XXVI, München 1910, Nr. 804

Cohen - ; RIC 130 (this coin) ; Calicó 4265 (this coin) RRRR
Wonderful lustrous coin. Nearly as struck.
xf/unc

68.500,00 



CARUS, 282-283 - BI Antoninianus, Lugdunum (end 284)

weight 3,78gr. ; billon Ø 21mm.

obv. Radiate head of Carus right, surrounded by the legend;
DIVO CARO PIO
rev. Eagle with open wings standing left, head turned to right, II below,
surrounded by the legend; CONSECRATIO

Carus died in the summer of 283, but it was not until the following year that
Carinus and Numerianus issued commemorative antoniniani recording his deification.

Cohen 18 ; RIC 29 ; Bastien 623 ; Sear 12394
Wonderful coin with excellent details. Nearly as struck.
xf/unc

185,00 



NUMERIANUS (NUMERIAN) as Caesar, 282-283 - BI Antoninianus, Lugdunum (Jan. - April 283)

weight 3,95gr. ; billon Ø 21mm.

obv. Radiate and draped and cuirassed bust right
M AVR NVMERIANVS NOB C
rev. Numerianus in military attire standing left, holding globe and sceptre
PRINCIPI IVVENT, letter C  in field left

Sear 12218 ; Cohen 72 ; RIC 356 ; Bastien 517 R
xf-/xf

155,00 



NUMERIANUS (NUMERIAN), 283-284 - BI Antoninianus, Lugdunum (august 283-early 284)

weight 3,72gr. ; billon Ø 22mm.

obv. Radiate bust right, wearing paludamentum,
surrounded by the legend; IMP C M AVR NVMERIANVS AVG
rev. Pax standing left, holding branch and transverse scepter,
surrounded by the legend; PAX AVGG, A in right field

vf. Cohen 50 ; RIC - (cf. 393; with B in field) ;
Bastien 534 (only 1 piece listed) ; Sear - (cf. 12249)
RRRR
Good portrait with fine details. Extremely rare.
xf-/vf+

950,00 



NUMERIANUS (NUMERIAN), 283-284 - BI Antoninianus, Lugdunum (August 283 - early 284)

weight 4,05gr. ; billon Ø 22mm.

obv. Radiate and cuirassed bust right  IMP C NVMERIANVS AVG
rev. Pax standing left. holding branch and transverse scepter  
PAX AVGG, B in left field

Cohen 43 ; RIC 394 ; Bastien 539 ; cf. Sear 12249
xf-

80,00 



NUMERIANUS (NUMERIAN), 283-284 - BI antoninianus, Lugdunum (Aug.283 - early 284)

weight 3,62gr. ; billon Ø 21mm.

obv. Radiate bust right, wearing paludamentum and cuirass
IMP C NVMERIANVS AVG
rev. Naked Mars walking right, holding transverse speer and trophee over 
shoulder  MARS VICTOR , C in right field

Cohen 21 ; RIC 388 ; Bastien 544 ; cf. Sear 12247
Wonderful coin with excellent details.
xf

135,00 



NUMERIANUS (NUMERIAN), 283-284 - BI Antoninianus, Lugdunum (Januari - July 284)

weight 4,47gr. ; billon Ø 22mm.

obv. Radiate and cuirassed bust of Numerianus right 
IMP  NVMERIANVS AVG
rev. Pietas standing right before altar, her right hand extended, holding
scale with suffiamenta (?)  in left hand PIETAS AVGG, C in left field

Cohen 61 ; RIC 397 ; Bastien 598 ; cf. Sear 12251
Attractive coin with fine-detailed portrait.
xf-/vf+

90,00 



CARINUS, 283-285 - BI Antoninianus, Lugdunum (283)

weight 4,18gr. ; billon Ø 22mm.

obv. Radiate bust of Carinus right, wearing cuirass and paludamentum,
surrounded by the legend; IMP C M AVR CARINVS AVG
rev. Carinus standing right, holding spear and globe, surrounded by the legend;
SAECVLI FELICITAS, letter D in right field

Cohen 120 ; RIC 214 ; Bastien 548
very minor traces of oxidation
xf-

90,00 





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