Munthandel G. Henzen LID VAN DE NVMH
 



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Maandaanbieding

NEDERLAND (NETHERLANDS, KINGDOM) - JULIANA, 1948-1980 - gouden dukaat 1974 - Medailleslag

gewicht 3,49gr. ; goud 983/1000 ; Ø 21mm.
De gouden dukaat 1974 werd in muntslag geslagen, d.w.z. kopstaand.
Een klein deel, circa 2000 stuks, werd wel in de gebruikelijke medailleslag
geslagen. De variant is dan ook zeldzaam.
Schulman 1080a ; KM.190.1 R
prooflike

495,00 



Nieuwe aanwinsten

ZUIDELIJKE NEDERLANDEN (SOUTHERN NETHERLANDS) - HERTOGDOM BRABANT - KAREL V, 1506-1555 - Gouden reaal van 60 stuivers z.j. (1546-1556), Antwerpen

gewicht 5,27gr. ; goud Ø 27mm.
vz. Halflang geharnast lichaam van jeugdige Karel V met een zwaard
in de rechterhand en de rijksappel in de linker binnen een cirkel.
In de buitencirkel de tekst; KAROLVS•D:G•ROM•IMP:Z•HISPA•REX• en handje•
kz.Wapenschild van Oostenrijk-Bourgondië rustend op dubbelkoppige
rijksadelaar binnen een cirkel. In de buitencirkel de tekst;
•DA MIHI:VIRTVTE:CONTRA•HOSTES:TVOS• en kroontje
Delmonte 97 ; van Gelder & Hoc 183-1b ; RBN.1882, p.507 ;
de Witte 659 ; v.d.Chijs 24,2 ; Friedberg 63 ; Vanhoudt 220.AN R
zfr/pr à zfr+

2.350,00 



ZUIDELIJKE NEDERLANDEN (SOUTHERN NETHERLANDS) - HERTOGDOM BRABANT - PHILIPS II, 1555-1598 - Gouden reaal z.j. (1557-1560), Antwerpen

gewicht 5,24gr. ; goud Ø 27,5mm.
muntteken handje
vz. Gekroonde buste naar rechts omgeven door de tekst;
•PHS•D•G•HISP•ANG•Z•REX•DVX•BRAB•
kz. Gekroond wapenschild van Spanje-Oostenrijk-Bourgondië omhangen
met het keten van de Orde van het Gulden Vlies, omgeven door de tekst;
DOMINVS • MIC – HI • ADIVTOR  en handje

Philips II draagt op deze munt de titel ′koning van Engeland′.

Delmonte 109 ; van Gelder & Hoc 206-1a ; de Witte 696 ;
Vanhoudt 261.AN ; Friedberg 64 R
zfr/zfr-

1.750,00 



KINGDOM OF PARTHIA - VOLOGASES III, 105-147 AD - AR Drachm, Ekbatana (Hamedan, Iran)

weight 3,70gr. silver Ø 19mm.
obv. Bare-headed bust left with long, pointed beard wearing diadem 
with loop at the top and three ends; earring visible; border of dots
rev. Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, no seat visible, 
holding bow in extended right hand, cross below seat, Ekbatana mintmonogram 
in right field below bow, seven-lineblundered Greek legend around, forming square.

Vologases III (Parthian: Walagash, Persian / Balash) was a Parthian Prince who claimed the throne of the Parthian Empire about 105, in the last days of Pacorus II of Parthia (80–105) and reigned over the eastern portion of the kingdom to 147. Vologases III was the son of Vologases II of Parthia. During his Parthian rule, he was also the Roman Client King of Armenia from 117/8 until 144 and from his Armenian Kingship is known as Vologases I or Vagharsh I. The period was one of civil war in the Parthian kingdom; for the early part of his reign Vologases III contended with Pacorus II′s legitimate successors Osroes I (105–116 and 117–129), Parthamaspates (116–117), and Mithridates V (129–140), who ruled Mesopotamia. Preoccupied by conflicts with the Romans, particularly the invasion by the emperor Trajan (98–117), they were unable to effectively challenge Vologases III.

Following the death of Osroes I, Vologases III extended his rule through most of Parthia but had to contend with Mithridates V, incursions of the nomadic Alans into Cappadocia, Armenia, and Media, and rebellion in Iran by an unknown usurper, circa 140. After Vologases III′s death, the Parthian realm was finally reunited by Vologases IV of Parthia (147–191), the son of his rival Mithridates V. In 144, Vologases III′s Armenian kingship was given to Sohaemus for unknown reasons. Vologases III was the father of princess Ghadana, who later married Pharasmanes II of Iberia and became Queen of Caucasian Iberia.

We follow the traditional attribution by David Sellwood. However, more recently Dr. G.R.F. Assar reattributed these as the Parthian king Pacoros I (sometimes spelled Pacorus). As Pacorus I lived round 40 AD, this attribution seems very unlikely to us. The style of this coin centainly belongs to first half of  the 2nd century AD, which makes attribution to Pacoros I impossible.

BMC 1 ; Sellwood 78/2 ; Mitchiner ACW.672 ; 
Sear GIC.5831 ; Shore 414

vf+

95,00 



KINGDOM OF PARTHIA - PARTHAMASPATES, 116 AD - AR Drachm, probably Ctesiphon

weight 3,51gr. silver Ø 20mm.
obv. Diademed bust left, light beard, earring visible, wearing tiara with earflaps. 
rev. Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, seat not visible,
holding bow in extended right hand,cross below seat, Ekbatana mintmonogram
in right field below bow, seven-lineblundered Greek legend around, forming square.

Parthamaspates gained the Parthian throne by acting as a Roman collaborator (“Puppet King”). The son of Osroes I (not the great-nephew as Shore maintains), he spent much of his life in Roman exile and accompanied the Emperor Trajan on his campaign to conquer Parthia. After first planning to annex Parthia, Trajan prudently decided to place Parthamaspates as a Roman client-king on the Parthian throne. After the Roman withdrawal, however, Parthamaspates was easily defeated by Osroes and fled to the Romans who granted him the small Roman client state of Osrhoene in consolation. Although signed with the Ecbatana monogram, Parthamaspates′ drachms may have been struck at Ctesiphon by the Romans after Trajan proclaimed him king. The engraving of his portraits show at least some Roman influence.

BMC 46 ; Sellwood 81/1 ; Mitchiner ACW.681 ;
Sear GIC.5848 ; Shore 423
R
Light traces of oxidation. Struck on a broad flan. Rare.
vf

185,00 



KINGDOM OF PARTHIA - PHRAATES IV, 38-2 BC - AR Drachm, Ekbatana (Hamedan, Iran)

weight 3,16gr. silver Ø 17mm.
obv. Diademed bust of Phraates left, eagle with wreath in beak behind
rev. Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow, BAΣIΛEΩΣ
BAΣIΛEΩN EYEPΓETOY ΔIKAIOY EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ around

Phraates IV (son of Orodes II), ruled the Parthian Empire from 37–2 BC. He was appointed successor to the throne in 37 BC, after the death of his brother Pacorus I. He soon murdered his father and all his thirty brothers. Phraates was attacked in 36 BC by the Roman general Mark Antony, who marched through Armenia into Media Atropatene, and was defeated and lost the greater part of his army. Antony, believing himself betrayed by Artavasdes, king of Armenia, invaded his kingdom in 34 BC, took him prisoner, and concluded a treaty with another Artavasdes, king of Media Atropatene. But when the war with Octavian broke out, Antony could not maintain his conquests; Phraates recovered Media Atropatene and drove Artaxias, the son of Artavasdes, back into Armenia. But by his many cruelties Phraates had roused the indignation of his subjects, who raised Tiridates II to the throne in 32 BC. Phraates was restored by the Scythians, and Tiridates fled into Syria.

The Romans hoped that Augustus would avenge the defeat of the Roman general Marcus Licinius Crassus on the Parthians, but in 20 BC he contented himself with a treaty, by which Phraates gave back the prisoners from the recent fighting and the captured battle standards from the Battle of Carrhae; the kingdom of Armenia also was recognized as a Roman dependency. Soon afterwards Phraates, whose greatest enemies were his own family, sent five of his sons as hostages to Augustus, thus acknowledging his dependence on Rome (the hostages included Tiridates III, whom the Romans later tried to install as a vassal king in AD 35). This plan he adopted on the advice of an Italian woman, a gift of Caesar, "Thea Musa" whom he made his favored wife; her son Phraates V, commonly called Phraataces (a diminutive form), he appointed successor. About 2 BC he was murdered by Musa and her son.

BMC 57 ; Sellwood 52/7 ; SNG.Copenhagen 142 ;
Mitchiner 644a ; Mitchiner ACW.588 ; Sear 7472 ; Shore 278
Light traces of oxidation.
f+

35,00 



KINGDOM OF PARTHIA - PHRAATES IV, 38-2 BC - AR Drachm, Ekbatana (Hamedan, Iran)

weight 3,02gr. silver Ø 18mm.
obv. Diademed bust of Phraates left, eagle with wreath in beak behind
rev. Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow, BAΣIΛEΩΣ
BAΣIΛEΩN EYEPΓETOY ΔIKAIOY EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ around

Phraates IV (son of Orodes II), ruled the Parthian Empire from 37–2 BC. He was appointed successor to the throne in 37 BC, after the death of his brother Pacorus I. He soon murdered his father and all his thirty brothers. Phraates was attacked in 36 BC by the Roman general Mark Antony, who marched through Armenia into Media Atropatene, and was defeated and lost the greater part of his army. Antony, believing himself betrayed by Artavasdes, king of Armenia, invaded his kingdom in 34 BC, took him prisoner, and concluded a treaty with another Artavasdes, king of Media Atropatene. But when the war with Octavian broke out, Antony could not maintain his conquests; Phraates recovered Media Atropatene and drove Artaxias, the son of Artavasdes, back into Armenia. But by his many cruelties Phraates had roused the indignation of his subjects, who raised Tiridates II to the throne in 32 BC. Phraates was restored by the Scythians, and Tiridates fled into Syria.

The Romans hoped that Augustus would avenge the defeat of the Roman general Marcus Licinius Crassus on the Parthians, but in 20 BC he contented himself with a treaty, by which Phraates gave back the prisoners from the recent fighting and the captured battle standards from the Battle of Carrhae; the kingdom of Armenia also was recognized as a Roman dependency. Soon afterwards Phraates, whose greatest enemies were his own family, sent five of his sons as hostages to Augustus, thus acknowledging his dependence on Rome (the hostages included Tiridates III, whom the Romans later tried to install as a vassal king in AD 35). This plan he adopted on the advice of an Italian woman, a gift of Caesar, "Thea Musa" whom he made his favored wife; her son Phraates V, commonly called Phraataces (a diminutive form), he appointed successor. About 2 BC he was murdered by Musa and her son.

BMC 57 ; Sellwood 52/7 ; SNG.Copenhagen 142 ;
Mitchiner 644a ; Mitchiner ACW.588 ; Sear 7472 ; Shore 278

f/vf

50,00 



KINGDOM OF PARTHIA - PHRAATES IV, 38-2 BC - AR Drachm, Ekbatana (Hamedan, Iran)

weight 3,78gr. silver Ø 19mm.
obv. Diademed bust of Phraates left, eagle with wreath in beak behind
rev. Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow, BAΣIΛEΩΣ
BAΣIΛEΩN EYEPΓETOY ΔIKAIOY EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ around

Phraates IV (son of Orodes II), ruled the Parthian Empire from 37–2 BC. He was appointed successor to the throne in 37 BC, after the death of his brother Pacorus I. He soon murdered his father and all his thirty brothers. Phraates was attacked in 36 BC by the Roman general Mark Antony, who marched through Armenia into Media Atropatene, and was defeated and lost the greater part of his army. Antony, believing himself betrayed by Artavasdes, king of Armenia, invaded his kingdom in 34 BC, took him prisoner, and concluded a treaty with another Artavasdes, king of Media Atropatene. But when the war with Octavian broke out, Antony could not maintain his conquests; Phraates recovered Media Atropatene and drove Artaxias, the son of Artavasdes, back into Armenia. But by his many cruelties Phraates had roused the indignation of his subjects, who raised Tiridates II to the throne in 32 BC. Phraates was restored by the Scythians, and Tiridates fled into Syria.

The Romans hoped that Augustus would avenge the defeat of the Roman general Marcus Licinius Crassus on the Parthians, but in 20 BC he contented himself with a treaty, by which Phraates gave back the prisoners from the recent fighting and the captured battle standards from the Battle of Carrhae; the kingdom of Armenia also was recognized as a Roman dependency. Soon afterwards Phraates, whose greatest enemies were his own family, sent five of his sons as hostages to Augustus, thus acknowledging his dependence on Rome (the hostages included Tiridates III, whom the Romans later tried to install as a vassal king in AD 35). This plan he adopted on the advice of an Italian woman, a gift of Caesar, "Thea Musa" whom he made his favored wife; her son Phraates V, commonly called Phraataces (a diminutive form), he appointed successor. About 2 BC he was murdered by Musa and her son.

BMC 57 ; Sellwood 52/7 ; SNG.Copenhagen 142 ;
Mitchiner 644a ; Mitchiner ACW.588 ; Sear 7472 ; Shore 278

Attractive portrait and appealing tone.
vf+

135,00 



KINGDOM OF PARTHIA - ORODES I, CIRCA 90-78 BC - AR Drachm, Ekbatana

weight 3,94gr. ;  silver Ø 19mm
obv. Bust of Mithradates left with medium beard,
wearing tiara with eight-pointed star in center
rev. Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow,
BAΣIΛEΩΣ  MEΓAΛOY APΣAKOY AYTOKPATOPOΣ
ΦIΛOΠATOPOΣ EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ  around

Orodes I ruled the Parthian Empire from circa 90 to 78 BC in succession to Gotarzes I and Mithridates III. He reigned during the "Parthian Dark Age", which was a period of internal turmoil and civil war for the Parthian Empire. Coins bearing Orodes′ likeness were issued from the Median mints of the cities of Ecbatana and Rhagae. The history of Parthia is quite obscure during this period, but Orodes′ reign seems to have ended, as it had begun, in civil war with an unknown claimant. The name of his successor, Arsaces XVI, is also unknown, and it is only with the beginning of the reign of Sanatruces, circa 77 BC, that the line of Parthian rulers can again be reliably traced.

Orodes is mentioned as king of kings of the Arsacid dynasty in 
a Babylonian report of the lunar eclipse of 11 April 80 BC.

Sear 7389 ; BMC 4 ; Slg.Shore 122 ; Sellwood 31/5 ; Sunrise 308 ;
SNG. Copenhagen 65-68 ; Mitchiner 636 ; Mitchiner ACW.534

f/vf à vf-

95,00 



KINGDOM OF PARTHIA - ORODES II, 57-38 BC - AR Drachm, Rhagae

weight 3,94gr. silver Ø 20mm.
obv. Diademed and draped bust of Orodes II left, wearing short 
beard and torque with hald turn visible, within pelleted border
rev. Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow, 
monogram in right field below bow, seven-line legend around; 
above BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN, on right APΣAKOY, on left 
EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ, in exergue EVEPΓETOV ΔIAKIOV

Orodes II of Parthia (also called Hyrodes Anaridius) was the king of the Parthian Empire from 57 BC to 38 BC. Orodes was a son of Phraates III, whom he murdered in 57 BC, assisted by his brother Mithridates. He married a Greek Princess from the Kingdom of Commagene, called Laodice who was a daughter of King Antiochus I Theos of Commagene and Queen Isias Philostorgos of Commagene. Orodes′ brother Mithridates was made king of Media; but, soon afterwards, Mithridates was disposed by Orodes and forced to flee to Syria. Mithridates then returned to invade Parthia, restoring his reign as king briefly in 55 BC. However, king Mithridates was besieged by Orodes′ general, Surena, in Seleucia on the Tigris: after a prolonged resistance, Mithridates was captured and slain.

Meanwhile, the Roman general and triumvir Marcus Licinius Crassus had made an attempt to extend his share of Roman territory by eastward conquest, and in the event had been decisively defeated and killed in 53 BC, in the Battle of Carrhae, along with his son and with the loss of most of his army, by Orodes′ general Surena. During the Roman Republican civil wars the Parthians sided first with Pompey and then with Brutus and Cassius, but took no action until 40 BC, when Pacorus, assisted by the Roman deserter Quintus Labienus, conquered a great part of Syria and Asia Minor. In Judea, the Parthian commander Barzapharnes deposed king Hyrcanus II and appointed the latter′s nephew Antigonus as king in his place.

During this period, the Parthians restored their territory to nearly the limits of the old Achaemenid Empire and controlled all of Asia Minor except for a few cities, but the Parthian successes were not long-lasting. In 39 BC, a Roman counterattack under Ventidius in Asia Minor defeated Labienus, who was subsequently captured and executed. Orodes′ son Pacorus was himself later killed by Ventidius in 38 BC. Orodes, who was deeply afflicted by the death of his gallant son, appointed his son Phraates IV successor, but was soon afterwards killed by him. Plutarch relates that Orodes understood Greek very well. After the death of Crassus the Bacchae of Euripides was presented at Artavasdes′ court, with the head of Crassus himself allegedly being used as an accessory for a scene actually including a severed head, on the order of the king.

This form of reverse inscription was adopted as the norm by nearly all the successors of Orodes II right down to the end on the dynasty. However, mechanical copying and ignorance of Greek on the part of the later die engravers led to the deterioration of the legend almost unrecognizable form.

Sellwood 45/10 ; cf. Shore 224 ; cf. Sunrise 363 ; cf. Mitchiner ACW.565 ; cf. Sear 7441
vf

135,00 



KINGDOM OF PARTHIA - MITHRADATES II, CIRCA 123-88 BC - AR Drachme, Ekbatana

weight 4,14gr. ; silver Ø 20mm.
obv. Diademed bust of Mithradates, with long beard,
torque around his neck ending with sea-horse.

rev. Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on omphalos, holding bow and wearing bashlik,
five-line legend in square around; above BAΣIΛEΩΣ, on right BAΣIΛEΩN,
on left APΣAKOY EΠIΦANOYΣ, below MEΓAΛOY

Mithradates II was the eighth and one of the greatest Parthian kings. He defeated all Seleukid attempts to reclaim territories and made Parthia a formidable, unified empire. He adopted the title Epiphanes, "god manifest" and introduced new designs on his extensive coinage. The ruins of Seleukeia on the Tigris, where this coin was struck, have been identified at Tell Umar, about 30 km south of Baghdad, and 60 north of Babylon. According to Pliny, the city had 600.000 inhabitants and circa 100 AD the city still held some Macedonian customs.

BMC 66 ; Slg.Shore 85 ; Sellwood 27/1 ;
Sunrise 286 ; Mitchiner ACW.518 ; Sear 7371

Sharply struck on a broad flan. Near mintstate. Wonderful coin.
xf/unc

395,00 



KINGDOM OF PARTHIA - ORODES II, 57-38 BC - AR Drachm, Rhagae

weight 3,92gr. silver Ø 20mm.
obv. Diademed and draped bust of Orodes II left, wearing short beard and

with wart on fore-head, torque around his neck ending with sea-horse,
star to left, crescent above star to right
rev. Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow, 
monogram in right field below bow, behind throne, anchor symbol,
seven-line legend around; above BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN, on right APΣAKOY, 
on left EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ, in exergue EVEPΓETOV ΔIAKIOV

Orodes II of Parthia (also called Hyrodes Anaridius) was the king of the Parthian Empire from 57 BC to 38 BC. Orodes was a son of Phraates III, whom he murdered in 57 BC, assisted by his brother Mithridates. He married a Greek Princess from the Kingdom of Commagene, called Laodice who was a daughter of King Antiochus I Theos of Commagene and Queen Isias Philostorgos of Commagene. Orodes′ brother Mithridates was made king of Media; but, soon afterwards, Mithridates was disposed by Orodes and forced to flee to Syria. Mithridates then returned to invade Parthia, restoring his reign as king briefly in 55 BC. However, king Mithridates was besieged by Orodes′ general, Surena, in Seleucia on the Tigris: after a prolonged resistance, Mithridates was captured and slain.

Meanwhile, the Roman general and triumvir Marcus Licinius Crassus had made an attempt to extend his share of Roman territory by eastward conquest, and in the event had been decisively defeated and killed in 53 BC, in the Battle of Carrhae, along with his son and with the loss of most of his army, by Orodes′ general Surena. During the Roman Republican civil wars the Parthians sided first with Pompey and then with Brutus and Cassius, but took no action until 40 BC, when Pacorus, assisted by the Roman deserter Quintus Labienus, conquered a great part of Syria and Asia Minor. In Judea, the Parthian commander Barzapharnes deposed king Hyrcanus II and appointed the latter′s nephew Antigonus as king in his place.

During this period, the Parthians restored their territory to nearly the limits of the old Achaemenid Empire and controlled all of Asia Minor except for a few cities, but the Parthian successes were not long-lasting. In 39 BC, a Roman counterattack under Ventidius in Asia Minor defeated Labienus, who was subsequently captured and executed. Orodes′ son Pacorus was himself later killed by Ventidius in 38 BC. Orodes, who was deeply afflicted by the death of his gallant son, appointed his son Phraates IV successor, but was soon afterwards killed by him. Plutarch relates that Orodes understood Greek very well. After the death of Crassus the Bacchae of Euripides was presented at Artavasdes′ court, with the head of Crassus himself allegedly being used as an accessory for a scene actually including a severed head, on the order of the king.

This form of reverse inscription was adopted as the norm by nearly all the successors of Orodes II right down to the end on the dynasty. However, mechanical copying and ignorance of Greek on the part of the later die engravers led to the deterioration of the legend almost unrecognizable form.

Sellwood 48/9 ; Shore 261 ; cf. Mitchiner ACW.576 ; cf. Sear 7445
Very attractive exemple with strong portrait and appealing tone.
vf

135,00 



KINGDOM OF PARTHIA - VONONES I, 8-12 AD - AR Drachm, Ekbatana (circa 10-12 AD)

weight 3,43gr. silver Ø 19mm.
obv. Diademed head left, loop behind head, 
BACIΛEYC ONWNHC before and above head
rev. Nike standing right, holding wreath and palm frond; 
Ekbatana mintmonogram in right field below palm frond, 
four-line Greek legend around, forming square ;  
OACIΛEYC ONWNHC NEIKHCAC APTAOANON

Vonones I of Parthia (Onones on his coins) ruled the Parthian Empire from about 8 to 12 AD. He was the eldest son of Phraates IV of Parthia (ruled circa 37–2 BC) and was sent to Rome as a hostage in the 20s BC as surety for a treaty his father made with Augustus. After the assassination of Orodes III in about 6 AD, the Parthians applied to Augustus for a new King from the house of Arsaces. Augustus sent them Vonones I, but he could not maintain himself as King; he had been educated as a Roman, and was despised by the Parthian nobility as a Roman stooge. Another member of the Arsacid house, Artabanus II of Parthia (ruled circa 10–38), who was living among the Dahae nomads in the east of Parthia, was invited to the throne. In a civil war he defeated and expelled Vonones I.

This coin commemorates Vonones′ victory over Artabanos II;
The coins of Vonones I date from 8 to 12 AD and bear the inscription ″King Vonones, conqueror of Artabanus″ commemorating a temporary victory over his rival. Those of Artabanus II begin in the year 10. In about the year 12 Vonones I fled into Armenia and became King there. Artabanus II demanded his deposition, and as Augustus did not wish to begin a war with the Parthians he moved Vonones I into Syria, where he was kept in custody, though in a kingly style. Later he was moved to Cilicia, and when he tried to escape in about 19 AD, he was killed by his guards.

Sellwood 60/5; Shore 329; Sunrise 407  R
Well struck on a nice broad flan. Rare historical coin.
vf+

325,00 



KINGDOM OF PARTHIA - MEHERDATES, USURPATOR, 49-50 AD - AR Drachm, Ekbatana (Hamedan, Iran)

weight 3,64gr. silver Ø 21mm.
obv.
Bust facing with moustache and very short beard, royal wart on brow,
tiara with ear flaps and ornamented with a horn on each side, diadem loop
and end extending on each side, flanked by two six-pointed stars
rev. Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow in extended right hand, 
cross below seat, Ekbatana mintmonogram in right field below bow, seven-line
blundered Greek legend around, forming square.

Gotarzes II was detested for his cruelty. Among many other murders he even slew his brother Artabanus and his whole family. His cruelty induced his opponents to appeal to the Roman emperor Claudius to release Meherdates, an Arsacid prince who lived at Rome as a hostage. Meherdates crossed the Euphrates in 49, but not long after was defeated and taken prisoner by Gotarzes II, who cut off his ears. Shore notes, "The portrait is that of a fierce warrior king and is among those which provide the best impression of what a Parthian actually looked like."

Sellwood 67/1 (Vonones II) ; Sunrise 417 (Meherdates);
Shore 368 (Vonones II) ; SNG Copenhagen 204 (Vardanes II)

Minor flancrack, but very attractive example,
struck on a broad flan and with an appealing tone. Rare.
vf+

275,00 



KINGDOM OF PARTHIA - ORODES II, 57-38 BC - AR Drachm, Rhagae

weight 4,00gr. silver Ø 21mm.
obv. Diademed and draped bust of Orodes II left, wearing short 
beard and torque with hald turn visible, within pelleted border
rev. Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow, 
monogram in right field below bow, seven-line legend around; 
above BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN, on right APΣAKOY, on left 
EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ, in exergue EVEPΓETOV ΔIAKIOV

Orodes II of Parthia (also called Hyrodes Anaridius) was the king of the Parthian Empire from 57 BC to 38 BC. Orodes was a son of Phraates III, whom he murdered in 57 BC, assisted by his brother Mithridates. He married a Greek Princess from the Kingdom of Commagene, called Laodice who was a daughter of King Antiochus I Theos of Commagene and Queen Isias Philostorgos of Commagene. Orodes′ brother Mithridates was made king of Media; but, soon afterwards, Mithridates was disposed by Orodes and forced to flee to Syria. Mithridates then returned to invade Parthia, restoring his reign as king briefly in 55 BC. However, king Mithridates was besieged by Orodes′ general, Surena, in Seleucia on the Tigris: after a prolonged resistance, Mithridates was captured and slain.

Meanwhile, the Roman general and triumvir Marcus Licinius Crassus had made an attempt to extend his share of Roman territory by eastward conquest, and in the event had been decisively defeated and killed in 53 BC, in the Battle of Carrhae, along with his son and with the loss of most of his army, by Orodes′ general Surena. During the Roman Republican civil wars the Parthians sided first with Pompey and then with Brutus and Cassius, but took no action until 40 BC, when Pacorus, assisted by the Roman deserter Quintus Labienus, conquered a great part of Syria and Asia Minor. In Judea, the Parthian commander Barzapharnes deposed king Hyrcanus II and appointed the latter′s nephew Antigonus as king in his place.

During this period, the Parthians restored their territory to nearly the limits of the old Achaemenid Empire and controlled all of Asia Minor except for a few cities, but the Parthian successes were not long-lasting. In 39 BC, a Roman counterattack under Ventidius in Asia Minor defeated Labienus, who was subsequently captured and executed. Orodes′ son Pacorus was himself later killed by Ventidius in 38 BC. Orodes, who was deeply afflicted by the death of his gallant son, appointed his son Phraates IV successor, but was soon afterwards killed by him. Plutarch relates that Orodes understood Greek very well. After the death of Crassus the Bacchae of Euripides was presented at Artavasdes′ court, with the head of Crassus himself allegedly being used as an accessory for a scene actually including a severed head, on the order of the king.

This form of reverse inscription was adopted as the norm by nearly all the successors of Orodes II right down to the end on the dynasty. However, mechanical copying and ignorance of Greek on the part of the later die engravers led to the deterioration of the legend almost unrecognizable form.

Sellwood 45/8 ; Shore 223 ; Mitchiner ACW.565 ; cf. Sear 7441
Sharply struck on a nice broad flan. Near mintstate.
xf/unc

495,00 



KINGDOM OF PARTHIA - PHRAATES III, 69-57 BC - AR Drachm, Mithradatkart

weight 4,04gr. silver Ø 20mm.
obv. Diademed and draped bust of Phraates III left, wearing short beard
and torque,within pelleted border
rev. Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow, monogram in
right field below bow, BAΣIΛEΩΣ  MEΓAΛOY above APΣAKOY on right,  
ΦIΛOΠATOPOΣ EYEPΓETOY on left, EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ  below

Phraates III (Parthian:Frahāt), was King of Kings of the Arsacid Empire from 69 to 57 BC. He was the son and successor of Sinatruces. He was called "the Gold" because of his coins, that were ideal for sailors because they were polished with gold dust, so that people from other countries considered their value higher than their actual value.

When Phraates III came to the throne in 69 BC, the Roman general Lucullus was preparing to attack Tigranes the Great, king of Armenia, who was supreme in western Asia and had wrested Mesopotamia and several vassal states from Parthia. Naturally, Phraates declined to assist Mithradates VI of Pontus and Tigranes against the Romans. Instead, he supported his son-in-law, the younger Tigranes, when he rebelled against his father, and invaded Armenia in 65 BC in alliance with Pompey, who abandoned Mesopotamia to the Parthians. But the desperate Pompey soon overrode the pompous treaty; he acknowledged the elder Tigranes, took his son prisoner, occupied the vassal states Gordyene and Osroene for the Romans, and denied the title of "king of kings," which Phraates had adopted again, to the Parthian king.

About 57 BC Phraates was murdered by his two sons, Orodes II and Mithridates IV. Mithridates IV, who was the elder brother of Orodes II, was at first supported by the latter. However, this was shortlived: with the support of the Suren clan, Orodes II revolted against his brother, and by 55 BC was the sole ruler of the Arsacid Empire.

Sellwood 36/9 (Darios I) ; Shore 155 ; cf. BMC 33 ;
cf. Sunrise 321 ; cf. Mitchiner ACW.542 ; SNG.Copenhagen- ; Sear-
RR
Very attractive well-centred coin lovely tone. Very rare. 
vf/xf

650,00 



KINGDOM OF PARTHIA - GOTARZES I, 91-79 BC - AR Drachm, Ekbatana

weight 3,74gr. ;  silver Ø 19mm
obv. Long-bearded bust of Gotarzes left wearing ornamented tiara,
decorated with horn in the centre, wearing torque
rev. Beardless archer wearing bashlyk and cloak seated right on throne, 
holding bow in right hand, BAΣIΛEΩΣ above, MEΓAΛOY on right, 
ΘEOΠATOPOΣ NIKATOPOΣ on left, APΣAKOY below

Gotarzes I (Parthian: Gōdarz) was the ruler of parts of the Parthian Empire from 91 BC to 79 BC. He was the grandson of Phriapatius and came to power during the troubled times around the end of the reign of Mithridates II. Numismatic evidence suggests that he began his reign in control of the northern and eastern lands of the Parthian Empire. He seems to have regained the southern lands from the usurper, Sanatruces, by 88/87 BC and forced him to flee to the Central Asian steppe, after which he soon died.

Sellwood 33/3 (Sanatruces) ; Shore 112 Mitchiner ACW.-
vf

140,00 



KINGDOM OF PARTHIA - ORODES I, CIRCA 90-78 BC - AR Drachm, Ekbatana

weight 4,18gr. ;  silver Ø 20mm
obv. Bust of Mithradates left with medium beard,
wearing tiara with eight-pointed star in center
rev. Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on throne, holding bow,
BAΣIΛEΩΣ  MEΓAΛOY APΣAKOY AYTOKPATOPOΣ
ΦIΛOΠATOPOΣ EΠIΦANOYΣ ΦIΛEΛΛHNOΣ  around

Orodes I ruled the Parthian Empire from circa 90 to 78 BC in succession to Gotarzes I and Mithridates III. He reigned during the "Parthian Dark Age", which was a period of internal turmoil and civil war for the Parthian Empire. Coins bearing Orodes′ likeness were issued from the Median mints of the cities of Ecbatana and Rhagae. The history of Parthia is quite obscure during this period, but Orodes′ reign seems to have ended, as it had begun, in civil war with an unknown claimant. The name of his successor, Arsaces XVI, is also unknown, and it is only with the beginning of the reign of Sanatruces, circa 77 BC, that the line of Parthian rulers can again be reliably traced.

Orodes is mentioned as king of kings of the Arsacid dynasty in
a Babylonian report of the lunar eclipse of 11 April 80 BC.

Sear 7389 ; BMC 4 ; Slg.Shore 122 ; Sellwood 31/5 ; Sunrise 308 ;
SNG. Copenhagen 65-68 ; Mitchiner 636 ; Mitchiner ACW.534

Wonderful coin with beautiful tone and fine details.
xf

325,00 



KINGDOM OF PARTHIA - ARTABANOS I, 127-123 BC - AR Drachm, Ekbatana

weight 3,71gr. silver Ø 18mm.
obv. Diademed and draped bust left, with poited beard
rev. Archer (Arsakes I) seated right on omphalos, holding bow,
and wearing bashlyk pointed headdress,BAΣIΛEΩΣ  MEΓAΛOY before,
APΣAKOY ΘEOΠATOΡOΣ behind

The son of Priapatius, Artabanos I succeeded his nephew Phraates II in 127 BC. Artabanus I must have been relatively old at his accession, due to his father having died in 176 BC. Artabanus I, like Phraates II, refrained from using the title of "King of Kings", and instead used the title of "Great King". Like the rest of the Parthian kings, he used the title of Arsaces on his coinage, which was the name of the first Parthian ruler Arsaces I (reign 247 – 217 BC). Artabanus I′s reign was a period of decline for the Parthian Empire. His predecessor, Phraates II had died fighting invading nomads in the east of the empire. Artabanus I was also forced to fight the nomads—the Saka and Yuezhi, and was reportedly compelled to pay them tribute. Hyspaosines, who had recently created the principality of Characene in southern Mesopotamia, took advantage of the Parthian difficulties in the east by proclaiming his independence from Parthian suzerainty. He then went on to seize Babylon (circa 127 BC), and by 125/4 BC, he controlled parts of Mesopotamia as indicated by coin mints of him. Artabanus I chose to remain in the east to deal with the nomads, whom he considered more of a danger. In 124/3 BC, just like Phraates II, Artabanus I died during a battle against the Yuezhi in the east, reportedly from a wound in his arm. He was succeeded by his son Mithridates II, who not only finally dealt with the nomads pressuring the eastern Parthian borders, but also expanded Parthian authority in the west, transforming the Parthian Empire into a superpower.

Sellwood 19/1 ; Collection Shore 58 ;
BMC 3 ; Sear 7359 ; Mitchiner ACW.510
R
vf à vf/xf

325,00 



KINGDOM OF PERSIS - AUTOPHRADATES (VADFRADAD) II, CIRCA 170-140 BC - AR Obol, circa 150 BC, probably Persepolis

weight 1,53gr. ; silver Ø 13mm.
obv. Head right, with short beard, wearing diadem and kyrbasia surmounted by eagle
rev. Fire temple, Ahura-Mazda above; to left, Vadfradad standing right,
standard to right, standard surmounted by eagle
K &M 3/4 ; Alram 549 ; Sunrise 577 ; cf. Sear 6201
Wonderful strike with excellent details. Rare this nice.
xf

275,00 



KINGDOM OF PERSIS - AUTOPHRADATES (VADFRADAD) IV, CIRCA 100-120 AD - AR Hemidrachm, Persepolis

weight 1,69gr. ; silver Ø 13mm.
obv. Draped bust left, with poited beard, wearing diademed tiara
decorated with crescent and dot and row of pearls, legend behind
rev. Diademed bust left, with pointed beard, Aramaeic legend around
BMC- ; Alram 626 R
Very attractive coin with appealing patina. Rare.
vf/xf

265,00 



KINGDOM OF PERSIS - AUTOPHRADATES (VADFRADAD) II, CIRCA 170-140 BC - AR Drachm, circa 150 BC, probably Persepolis

weight 3,64gr. ; silver Ø 15mm.
obv. Head right, with short beard, wearing diadem
and kyrbasia surmounted by eagle
rev. Fire temple, Ahura-Mazda above; to left, Vadfradad standing right;
standard to right, standard surmounted by eagle; traces of legend to inner
right and outer left. 
Alram 551 ; cf. Sunrise 576 cf. BMC 2 ; cf. Sear 6194.
vf

195,00 



KINGDOM OF PERSIS - OXATHRES (VAHSHIR), circa 85-75 BC - AR Obol

weight 0,59gr. ; silver Ø 10mm.
obv. Diademed bust left within border of dots
rev. Vahsir standing left (very stylistic), holding scepter and
sacrificing before altar to left; blundered Aramaeic legend
Alram 581 or 584 ; cf. K&M 4/19 ; Tyler-Smith 118-21var. ; Sunrise 604var.
Lovely strike with excellent portrait. Rare this nice.
xf-

175,00 



KINGDOM OF PERSIS - DARIUS (DAREV or DARAYAN) II, first century BC - AR Drachm

weight 3,94gr. ; silver Ø 16mm.
obv. Bust left wearing a Parthian-style tiara adorned
with three rows of pellets and a crescent
rev. King standing left sacrificing before altar, Aramaeic legend around;
d′ryw mlk′ brh wtprdt mlk′ (″Darius the King, son of Vadfradad the King″)
Alram 564; K&M 4/4; Sunrise 589-90; cf. BMC Arabia pg. 216, 1 ; Sear 6206
Attractive tone. Very well-struck for type.
vf+ à vf/xf

225,00 



NOORDELIJKE NEDERLANDEN (NETHERLANDS) - REPUBLIEK, 1581-1795 - GELDERLAND - STAD NIJMEGEN - Rijderschelling 1686

gewicht 3,89gr. ; zilver Ø 25mm.
muntmeester Gerard van Harn
muntmeesterteken morenkop

variant; CRESCVN i.p.v. CRESCVNT

Verkade 23.3 ; Passon 78 ; 
HNPM.20 ; CNM.2.36.32 ; Pannekeet 29
Miniem gesnoeid, verder een net exemplaar.
fr/zfr

45,00 



NOORDELIJKE NEDERLANDEN (NETHERLANDS) - REPUBLIEK, 1581-1795 - GELDERLAND - STAD NIJMEGEN - Rijderschelling 1688

gewicht 4,19gr. ; zilver Ø 29mm.
muntmeester Gerard van Harn
muntmeesterteken morenkop
Verkade 23.3 ; Passon 78 ;
HNPM.20 ; CNM.2.36.33 ; Pannekeet 29

kleine zwakte van de slag
fr/zfr

45,00 





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